A low-budget blue video called Makin' Whoopee! and a little-known committee including the former Blue Peter editor Biddy Baxter are threatening to change home entertainment in Britain. The committee set up
by the Home Office to quell public concern over "video nasties" in the 1980s is about to exercise its powers to decide if people can buy hardcore pornography.
The Video Appeals Committee has already overturned the official censor's ban on Makin' Whoopee! which contained explicit scenes of heterosexual and lesbian sex. Now the pornography industry has submitted seven more sample videos for
approval at a two-day hearing in July. They include such titles as Miss Nude International and Office Tart .
If approved, it will spell the end of the ban on explicit scenes of
penetration, masturbation and close-ups of erect penises. The floodgates will open for pornographers to sell real sex on the small screen. The industry has long eyed Britain as a lucrative market kept from it by obscenity laws which are much tougher than
in many European countries. Some believe public attitudes are growing more relaxed, citing the cinema release yesterday of the Danish art film The Idiots , which includes a penetration scene and has an 18 certificate.
The Home Secretary, Jack Straw, has opposed the sale of pornographic videos which portray actual sexual activity, and the BBFC backs his stance. But the appeals committee, whose members were chosen by the board, legally has the final say. The current
debate is over how far a sex video can go. All the titles are seeking an R18 certificate, which means they can be sold only to adults in licensed sex shops.
The pornographers are complaining that the BBFC shows no consistency
in its rulings. Since 1991, sex-education videos such as The Lovers' Guide have been granted 18 certificates, allowing films of erections and sexual intercourse to be bought in the high street. Two years ago, under the BBFC's then
director James Ferman, hardcore pornographic videos began getting R18 certificates provided the sex was consenting, non-violent and legal. The idea was to create a legitimate alternative to black-market videos from the Continent and America, which often
portray violence and use under-age actresses and actors.
Two films, The Pyramid and Batbabe , which contained real sex scenes, were approved, attracting the displeasure of the
Home Secretary. The experiment abruptly ended. The video distributor Sheptonhurst, reluctant to cut the real sex out of Makin' Whoopee!, then launched an appeal, hiring the respected lawyer David Pannick, QC.
Enter the Video Appeals Committee, created as a safeguard for distributors when the Video Recordings Act was introduced to ban "video nasties" in 1985. The committee has met infrequently, with no great surprises. Five of the ten members sit at
each hearing. Lately it upheld bans on the women's prison sex-slave drama Bare Behind Bars , and Boy Meets Girl about the torture of a man by a woman. So it was a shock to the BBFC when last summer it delivered a
unanimous 11-page ruling concluding that Makin Whoopee! was not obscene.
It may offend or disgust, but it is unlikely to deprave and corrupt that proportion of the public who are likely to view it
, the committee, whose panel members that day included Ms Baxter. The whole purpose of the R18 Certificate is to cater for those whose tastes are for works which may be said to be filthy and lewd. Sheptonhurst and its main
rival, Prime Time Promotions, immediately bought the rights to many similar American films, only to be told by the censors that they would be banned.
The new censor, Robin Duval, in his strongest criticism yet of his predecessor, has told The Times that he disagrees with Ferman's attempt to permit some hardcore pornography. He doubts that liberalising pornography will reduce demand for
black-market material. It is not clear to me that it follows that by liberalising one end of the spectrum you discourage people from moving on to the other end of the spectrum, Duval said.
On July 27 and 28, the appeals committee will consider Sheptonhurst's Horny Catbabe, Nympho Nurse Nancy, TV Sex and Office Tart.
Prime Time Promotions is appealing on
three more: Miss Nude International is about a beauty contest where the models cheat by dispensing favours to the judges; Wet Nurses 2: The Continental Version , in which the heroine persuades a potential suicide not to
jump by having sex with him; and the trailer to Carnival: International Version , for which the full video was granted a certificate but the trailer, which contains the same explicit material, was refused one.
At stake is a lucrative trade in pornography. Greg Hurlstone of Prime Time Promotions decided to distribute blue films when he learnt that the rights for a horror title cost £50,000, but for a "porno" was about £650.
There is huge demand for hardcore videos, which cost about £20. Batbabe sold 25,000 copies: five times as many as R18 titles.
The Home Office acknowledges the power of the Video
Appeals Committee as an independent body and says there is no role or interference which the Home Secretary can make in its decisions.
Curiously, the videos might still be illegal under the Obscene Publications Act. Neither
Customs & Excise nor the police recognise the Video Appeals Committee standards. The videos could still be seized and shown to a jury to decide if they are obscene, ie, tending to deprave and corrupt.
The Home Office has
brought together Scotland Yard, Customs & Excise and the BBFC to agree a common standard of obscenity but, 18 months later, there is no sign of agreement.